Please wait a minute...
电网技术
 
      设为首页      加入收藏
 
 首页 | 电网技术 | 期刊浏览 | 投稿指南 | 期刊订阅 | 联系我们 | 广告服务 | RSS |留 言 板
电网技术  2018, Vol. 42 Issue (1): 1-11    DOI: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2017.2381
  特约专稿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
柔性直流与直流电网仿真技术研究
贺之渊1, 刘栋2, 庞辉3
1.全球能源互联网研究院有限公司,北京市 昌平区 102209
2.直流电网技术与仿真北京市重点实验室(全球能源互联网研究院有限公司),北京市 昌平区 102209
3.先进输电技术国家重点实验室(全球能源互联网研究院有限公司),北京市 昌平区 102209
Research of Simulation Technologies of VSC-HVDC and DC Grids
HE Zhiyuan1, LIU Dong2, PANG Hui3
1. Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute Co., Ltd., Changping District, Beijing 102209, China
2. Beijing Key Laboratory of DC Grid Technology &Simulation Global Energy InterconnectionResearch Institute Co., Ltd., Changping District, Beijing 102209, China
3. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Power Transmission Technology Global Energy InterconnectionResearch Institute Co., Ltd., Changping District, Beijing 102209, China
下载:  PDF(759KB) 
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 模型等效性高、仿真规模大、实时化以及计算资源需求小,一直是电力系统仿真技术的发展目标。讨论了柔性直流及直流电网的特点,结合实际工程经验,从运行特性、等效建模、数值计算以及控制系统试验等方面对柔性直流和直流电网的仿真技术进行研究。在上述研究的基础上,指出柔性直流与直流电网仿真技术的发展方向是具有多时间尺度、多速率建模与变步长计算能力的数字仿真,以及具有全功能极控/阀控实验能力的功率型数模混合仿真。
服务
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
贺之渊
刘栋
庞辉
关键词:  柔性直流  直流电网  运行特性  等效建模  数值计算  控制系统试验  数模混合仿真    
Abstract: High equivalent modelling, large-scale and real-time simulation, and small computing load are always development goals of power system simulation technologies. This paper discusses characteristics of VSC-HVDC and DC grids and researches on corresponding simulation techniques from aspects of operation characteristics, equivalent modelling, numerical calculation and control system testing, combining with real project experiences. Based on aforementioned researches, this paper points out future development directions of VSC-HVDC and DC grid simulation techniques, including digital simulation with multi-time scales, multi-rate modelling techniques, variable simulation steps, and power-hardware-in-loop simulation with full functional testing capability for pole control system or valve based controller.
Key words:  VSC-HVDC    DC grid    operation characteristics    equivalent modelling    numerical calculation    control system testing    power-hardware-in-loop simulation
收稿日期:  2017-09-27                出版日期:  2018-01-05      发布日期:  2018-01-11      期的出版日期:  2018-01-05
ZTFLH:  TM72  
基金资助: 北京市科技专项项目(Z161100005016045);国家电网公司科技项目(SGTYHT/16-JS-198)
作者简介:  贺之渊(1977),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,研究方向为柔性直流输电和大功率电力电子试验技术研发及应用,E-mail:hezhiyuan@geiri.sgcc.com.cn;刘栋(1982),男,通信作者,博士,高级工程师,研究方向为柔性直流输电仿真技术研发及应用,E-mail:liudong@geiri.sgcc.com.cn。庞辉(1980),男,博士,高级工程师,研究方向为柔性直流输电技术研发及应用,E-mail:panghui@geiri.sgcc.com.cn。
引用本文:    
贺之渊, 刘栋, 庞辉. 柔性直流与直流电网仿真技术研究[J]. 电网技术, 2018, 42(1): 1-11.
HE Zhiyuan, LIU Dong, PANG Hui. Research of Simulation Technologies of VSC-HVDC and DC Grids. POWER SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, 2018, 42(1): 1-11.
链接本文:  
http://www.dwjs.com.cn/CN/10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2017.2381  或          http://www.dwjs.com.cn/CN/Y2018/V42/I1/1
[1] 汤广福,庞辉,贺之渊,等.先进交直流输电技术在中国的发展与应用[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(7):1760-1771. Tang Guangfu,Pang Hui,He Zhiyuan,et al.R&D and application of advanced power transmission technology in China[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(7):1760-1771(in Chinese).
[2] 汤广福,罗湘,魏晓光.多端直流输电与直流电网技术[J].中国电机工程学报,2013,33(10):8-17. Tang Guangfu,Luo Xiang,Wei Xiaoguang.Multi-terminal HVDC and DC grid technology[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2013,33(10):8-17(in Chinese).
[3] 温家良,吴锐,彭畅,等.直流电网在中国的应用前景分析[J].中国电机工程学报,2012,32(13):7-12. Wen Jialiang,Wu Rui,Peng Chang,et al.Analysis of DC grid prospects in China[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2012,32(13):7-12(in Chinese).
[4] 姚良忠,吴婧,王志冰,等.未来高压直流电网发展形态分析[J].中国电机工程学报,2014,34(34):6007-6020. Yao Liangzhong,Wu Jing,Wang Zhibing,et al.Pattern analysis of future HVDC grid development[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2014,34(34):6007-6020(in Chinese).
[5] 汤广福,贺之渊,庞辉.柔性直流输电工程技术研究、应用及发展[J].电力系统自动化,2013,37(15):3-14. Tang Guangfu,He Zhiyuan,Pang Hui.Research,application and development of VSC-HVDC engineering technology[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2013,37(15):3-14(in Chinese).
[6] 安婷,Andersen B,MacLeodN,等.中欧高压直流电网技术论坛综[J].电网技术,2017,25(1):1-11. An Ting,Andersen B,MacLeod N,et al.Overview of Sino-European HVDC grid technical forum[J].Power System Technology,2017,25(1):1-11(in Chinese).
[7] 孙栩,曹士冬,卜广全,等.架空线柔性直流电网构建方案[J].电网技术,2016,40(3):678-682. Sun Xu,Cao Shidong,Bu Guangquan,et al.Construction scheme of overhead line flexible HVDC grid[J].Power System Technology,2016,40(3):678-682(in Chinese).
[8] 安婷,乐波,杨鹏,等.直流电网直流电压等级确定方法[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(11):2871-2879. An Ting,Yue Bo,Yang Peng,et al.A determination method of DC voltage levels for DC grids[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(11):2871-2879(in Chinese).
[9] An T,Zhou X,Han C,et al.A DC grid benchmark model for studies of interconnection of power systems[J].CSEE Journal of Power & Energy Systems,2015,1(4):101-109.
[10] 李亚楼,穆清,安宁,等.直流电网模型和仿真的发展与挑战[J].电力系统自动化,2014,38(4):127-135. Li Yalou,Mu Qing,An Ning,et al.Development and challenge of modeling and simulation of DC grid[J].Automation of Electric Power System,2014,38(4):127-135(in Chinese).
[11] 魏晓光,高冲,罗湘,等.柔性直流输电网用新型高压直流断路器设计方案[J].电力系统自动化,2013,37(15):95-102. Wei Xiaoguang,Gao Chong,Luo Xiang,et al.A novel design of high-voltage dc circuit breaker in HVDC flexible transmission grid[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2013,37(15):95-102(in Chinese).
[12] 王新颖,汤广福,魏晓光,等.适用于直流电网的LCL谐振式模块化多电平DC/DC变换器[J].电网技术,2017,41(4):1106-1113. Wang Xinying,Tang Guangfu,Wei Xiaoguang,et al.LCL-based resonant modular multilevel DC/DC converter for DC grids[J].Power System Technology,2017,41(4):1106-1113(in Chinese).
[13] 贺之渊,汤广福,郑健超.大功率电力电子装置试验方法及其等效机理[J].中国电机工程学报,2006,26(19):47-52. He Zhiyuan,Tang Guangfu,Zheng Jianchao.High power electronics equipment test method and its equivalence mechanism[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2006,26(19):47-52(in Chinese).
[14] 许建中,李承昱,熊岩,等.模块化多电平换流器高效建模方法研究综述[J].中国电机工程学报,2015,35(13):3381-3392. Xu Jianzhong,Li Chengyu,Xiong Yan,et al.A review of efficient modeling methods for modular multilevel converters[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2015,35(13):3381-3392(in Chinese).
[15] 姜喜瑞,贺之渊,汤广福,等.基于多Agent架构的高压大容量柔性直流输电阀基控制技术研究[J].中国电机工程学报,2013,33(28):59-66. Jiang Xirui,He Zhiyuan,Tang Guangfu,et al.Research on valve base control technology for high-voltage large-capacity VSC-HVDC systems based on multi-Agent structure [J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2013,33(28):59-66(in Chinese).
[16] 和敬涵,李智诚,王小君,等.计及多种控制方式的直流电网潮流计算方法[J].电网技术,2016,40(3):712-718. He Jinghan,Li Zhicheng,Wang Xiaojun,et al.Power flow algorithm for DC grid considering various control modes[J].Power System Technology,2016,40(3):712-718(in Chinese).
[17] 吴亚楠,吕铮,贺之渊,等.基于架空线的直流电网保护方案研究[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(14):3726-3733. Wu Yanan,Lü Zheng,He Zhiyuan,et al.Study on the protection strategies of HVDC grid for overhead line[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(14):3726-3733(in Chinese).
[18] 梁益,蔡泽祥,田得良,等.直流线路行波保护解析整定方法[J].电网技术,2017,41(1):298-304. Liang Yi,Cai Zexiang,Tian Deliang,et al.Analytical method for travelling wave protection setting of HVDC transmission line [J].Power System Technology,2017,41(1):298-304(in Chinese).
[19] 孙银锋,吴学光,汤广福,等.基于节点阻抗矩阵GS法的直流电网稳态潮流计算[J].中国电机工程学报,2015,35(8):1882-1892. Sun Yinfeng,Wu Xueguang,Tang Guangfu,et al.A nodal impedance matrix based Gauss-Seidel method on steady state power flow calculation of DC power grid[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2015,35(8):1882-1892(in Chinese).
[20] 刘昇,徐政,唐庚,等.VSC-HVDC机电暂态仿真建模及仿真[J].电网技术,2013,37(6):1672-1677. Liu Sheng,Xu Zheng,Tang Geng,et al.Electromechanical transient modeling and simulation for voltage source converter based HVDC power transmission[J].Power System Technology,2013,37(6):1672-1677(in Chinese).
[21] 丁平,安宁,李亚楼,等.基于多速率仿真和简化离散牛顿法的电压源型换流器和直流电网机电暂态模型[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(24):6809-6819. Ding Ping,An Ning,Li Yalou,et al.An electromechanical transient model of VSC and DC grid based on multi-rate simulation method and simplified discrete newton method[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(24):6809-6819(in Chinese).
[22] 鲁晓军,林卫星,安婷,等.MMC电气系统动态相量模型统一建模方法及运行特性分析[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(20):5479-5491. Lu Xiaojun,Lin Weixing,An Ting,et al.A unified dynamic phasor modeling and operating characteristic analysis of electrical system of MMC[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(20):5479-5491(in Chinese).
[23] 叶华,安婷,裴玮,等.含VSC-HVDC交直流系统多尺度暂态建模与仿真研究[J].中国电机工程学报,2017,37(7):1897-1908. Ye Hua,An Ting,Pei Wei,et al.Multi-scale modeling and simulation of transients for VSC-HVDC and AC systems[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2017,37(7):1897-1908 (in Chinese).
[24] An T,Han C,Wu Y,et al.HVDC grid test models for different application scenarios and load flow studies[J].Journal of Modern Power Systems & Clean Energy,2017,5(2):1-13.
[25] Gnanarathna U N,Gole A M,Jayasinghe R P.Efficient modeling of modular multilevel HVDC converters (MMC) on electromagnetic transient simulation programs[J].IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,2011,26(1):316-324.
[26] Xu J,Zhao C,Liu W,et al.Accelerated model of modular multilevel converters in PSCAD/EMTDC[J].IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,2013,28(1):129-136.
[27] Saad H,Mahseredjian J,Delarue P,et al.Modular multilevel converter models for electromagnetic transients[J].IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,2014,29(3):1481-1489.
[28] 易伟平.RTDS中直流输电线路模型的研究[D].北京:华北电力大学,2011.
[29] 严有祥,方晓临,张伟刚,等.厦门±320kV柔性直流电缆输电工程电缆选型和敷设[J].高电压技术,2015,41(4):1147-1153. Yan Youxiang,Fang Xiaolin,Zhang Weigang,et al.Cable section and laying of Xiamen ±320kV flexible DC cable transmission project[J].High Voltage Engineering,2015,41(4):1147-1153(in Chinese).
[30] Mahseredjian J,Dinavahi V,Martinez J A.Simulation tools for electromagnetic transients in power systems:overview and challenges[J].IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,2009,24(3):1657-1669.
[31] 穆清,周孝信,王祥旭,等.面向实时仿真的小步长开关误差分析和参数设置[J].中国电机工程学报,2013,33(31):120-129. Mu Qing,Zhou Xiaoxin,Wang Xiangxu,et al.Error analysis and parameters of switches in small step simulation for real-time simulation[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2013,33(31):120-129(in Chinese).
[32] Dufour C,Mahseredjian J,Bélanger J.A combined state-space nodal method for the simulation of power system transients[J].IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,2011,26(2):928-935.
[33] 纪锋,魏晓光,吴学光,等.线性开关电路电磁暂态分析的状态方程法[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(22):6028-6037. Ji Feng,Wei Xiaoguang,Wu Xueguang,et al.Sate space method to analyze the electromagnetic transient of linear switching circuit [J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(22):6028-6037(in Chinese).
[34] 高阳,刘栋,杨兵建,等.基于MMC的柔性直流输电阀基控制器及其动模试验[J].电力系统自动化,2013,37(15):53-58. Gao Yang,Liu Dong,Yang Bingjian,et al.MMC based valve base controllers of HVDC flexible and their dynamic simulation experiment[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2013,37(15):53-58(in Chinese).
[35] 孙银锋,吴学光,李国庆,等.基于等时间常数的模块化多电平换流器柔直换流阀动模系统设计[J].中国电机工程学报,2016,36(9):2428-2437. Sun Yinfeng,Wu Xueguang,Li Guoqing,et al.Design of MMC dynamic simulation system based on equal time constant[J].Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(9):2428-2437(in Chinese).
[36] 刘栋,汤广福,贺之渊,等.模块化多电平柔性直流输电数字-模拟混合实时仿真技术[J].电力自动化设备,2013,33(2):68-73. Liu Dong,Tang Guangfu,He Zhiyuan,et al.Hybrid real-time simulation technology for MMC-HVDC[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2013,33(2):68-73(in Chinese).
[37] 郭剑波,周俊,郭强,等.华北-华中-华东交直流输电系统数模混合仿真[J].电网技术,2011,35(9):55-59. Guo Jianbo,Zhou Jun,Guo Qiang,et al.Digital and analog hybrid simulation of interconnected UHVAC/UHVDC transmission system from north China via central China to east China [J].Power System Technology,2011,35(9):55-59(in Chinese).
[38] 李国庆,谷怀广,吴学光,等.MMC功率接口稳定性分析方法及改进措施[J].电力自动化设备,2016,36(2):5-10. Li Guoqing,Gu Huaiguang,Wu Xueguang,et al.Analysis of MMC power interface stability and improvement measures[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2016,36(2):5-10(in Chinese).
[1] 欧阳文敏, 杨俊, 王成昊, 张升, 吴学光. 500 kV高压直流断路器支架绝缘设计[J]. 电网技术, 2020, 44(3): 1175-1179.
[2] 宋斯珩, 赵书强. 基于转矩法的双馈风电场经柔直并网系统次同步振荡分析[J]. 电网技术, 2020, 44(2): 630-636.
[3] 陈启超, 李晖, 吴文传, 张怡, 王菲, 蒋维勇, 盖振宇. 渝鄂背靠背柔性直流频率限值控制器优化设计[J]. 电网技术, 2020, 44(1): 385-392.
[4] 杨斌, 杜文娟, 王海风. 数据驱动下的虚拟同步发电机等效建模[J]. 电网技术, 2020, 44(1): 35-43.
[5] 张颖, 荆龙, 吴学智, 武文, 魏梦航. 应用于直流电网的新型直流自耦变压器[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(9): 3297-3304.
[6] 邵冰冰, 赵书强, 裴继坤, 李忍, 宋斯珩. 直驱风电场经VSC-HVDC并网的次同步振荡特性分析[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(9): 3344-3352.
[7] 郭贤珊, 周扬, 杨美娟, 姚为正. 基于阀组串联的柔性直流单阀组在线投入/退出控制方案[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(9): 3393-3398.
[8] 李探, 梅念, 陈东, 乐波, 马为民, 李高望. 采用三次谐波注入策略的模块化多电平换流器动态相量模型[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(9): 3384-3392.
[9] 朱瑞, 贾科, 赵其娟, 毕天姝, 王聪博, 冯涛. 光伏直流并网系统控保协同故障区段辨识方法[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(8): 2825-2834.
[10] 许冬, 王璋, 陈东, 尹太元, 尹诗媛. 考虑桥臂多谐波耦合的模块化多电平换流器直流侧阻抗建模方法[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(7): 2632-2640.
[11] 李岩, 龚雁峰, 姜斌. 基于波阻抗的多端直流电网快速保护方案[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(7): 2609-2616.
[12] 李慧, 罗奇, 张柏林, 范新桥. 直流电抗器对VSC-MTDC输电系统稳定性的影响分析[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(7): 2641-2648.
[13] 单任仲, 王世友, 刘闯, 蔡国伟, 姜朋. 双臂架构的混合型直流断路器拓扑结构研究[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(6): 2065-2071.
[14] 杨艳晨, 郭剑波, 王姗姗, 王铁柱, 李英彪, 赵兵, 吴广禄. 柔性直流电网直流过电压分析及控制策略研究[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(5): 1586-1592.
[15] 胡涛, 朱艺颖, 李柏青, 郭强, 王薇薇, 叶俭, 刘翀, 董鹏. 基于BPA-HYPERSIM的大电网自动建模软件开发[J]. 电网技术, 2019, 43(5): 1666-1674.
[1] QI Yu-lin CHENG Yan YANG Yi-han .

A Compositive Fault Location Method for Single-Phase Earth Fault in 35 kV Distribution Network

[J]. Power System Technology, 2008, 32(10): 38 -42 .
[2] LUO Yi, LIU Mingliang. Research on Environmental and Economic Dispatch for Isolated Microgrid System Taken Risk Reserve Constraints Into Account[J]. Power System Technology, 2013, 37(10): 2705 -2711 .
[3] YUAN Xiuguang, HUANG Chun, ZHANG Lei, YU Haoming. Reliability Evaluation of Distribution Network Considering Islanded Operation of Microgrid[J]. Power System Technology, 2015, 39(3): 690 -697 .
[4] LIU Lianguang, ZHANG Pengfei, WANG Kairang, BI Wuxi. Assessment of Geomagnetic Induction in Pipeline Based on Layered-earth Conductivity Model[J]. Power System Technology, 2015, 39(6): 1556 -1561 .
[5] . Power System under External Force Harassment and Its Safeguard[J]. Power System Technology, 2006, 30(3): 27 -31 .
[6] . THE INFLUENCE AND COUNTERMEASURE OF GENERATING UNIT’S TYPE ON AGC OPERATION PERFORMANCE [J]. Power System Technology, 2005, 29(18): 17 -21 .
[7] ZHUANG Hui-min XIAO Jian . Saddle-Node Bifurcation Analysis of Voltage Stability of AC/DC Power Systems[J]. Power System Technology, 2008, 32(8): 30 -34 .
[8] FAN Guannan, LIU Jizhen, MENG Hongmin, WANG Kai. Primary Frequency Control Strategy for Wind Farms Under Output-Restricted Condition[J]. Power System Technology, 2016, 40(7): 2030 -2037 .
[9] . Damage Condition of Overhead Transmission Lines in Guangdong Power Grid Caused by Icing Disaster in 2008 and Analysis on Key Impacting Factors[J]. Power System Technology, 2009, 33(9): 108 -112 .
[10] YAO Zhuxiang ZHENG Fuyong TIAN Xiaojun SHI Libao. Implementation of Grid Computation for On-Line Evaluation of Total Transfer Capability of Jiangxi Power System[J]. Power System Technology, 2011, 35(4): 87 -91 .
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
京ICP备05032083号-3
版权所有:《电网技术》编辑部 电话:010-82812532
技术支持:北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司