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电网技术  2018, Vol. 42 Issue (8): 2512-2518    DOI: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2018.0269
  直流输电与直流电网(特约专栏主编 汤广福) 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
快速机械开关线圈型电磁斥力机构优化设计
张宁1, 魏晓光1, 高冲1, 陈龙龙2, 高阳2
1.先进输电技术国家重点实验室(全球能源互联网研究院有限公司),北京市 昌平区 102209;
2.直流电网技术与仿真北京市重点实验室(全球能源互联网研究院有限公司),北京市 昌平区 102209
Research on Optimization Design of Coil Type Electromagnetic Repulsion Mechanism for Fast Mechanical Switch
ZHANG Ning1, WEI Xiaoguang1, GAO Chong1, CHEN Longlong2, GAO Yang2
1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Power Transmission Technology (Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute), Changping District, Beijing 102209, China;
2. Beijing Key Laboratory of DC Grid Technology and Simulation (Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute), Changping District, Beijing 102209, China
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摘要 基于线圈型电磁斥力机构的快速机械开关是混合式高压直流断路器核心设备之一,其小于2 ms的快速动作特性和可靠性对直流断路器开断性能至关重要。为改善快速机械开关的动态特性和能量转化效率,建立了线圈型电磁斥力机构的有限元模型,仿真分析了线圈、储能电容和充电电压对快速机械开关动态性能的影响,并采用粒子群优化算法对快速机械开关的线圈型电磁斥力机构进行优化设计。优化结果表明快速机械开关触头2 ms的运动位移以及能量转换效率得到提高。最后研制了舟山工程200 kV高压直流断路器用快速机械开关,对优化设计后的快速机械开关进行动态性能测试,验证了优化算法的有效性。文中提出的优化方法也为更高电压大电流等级快速机械开关提供设计指导。
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张宁
魏晓光
高冲
陈龙龙
高阳
关键词:  快速机械开关  电磁斥力机构  粒子群优化算法  高压直流断路器    
Abstract: Fast mechanical switch based on coil-type electromagnetic repulsion mechanism is one of core equipment of HVDC circuit breaker. Motion rapidity under 2ms and reliability of the switch are crucial to breaking performance of HVDC circuit breakers. To improve dynamic characteristics and energy conversion efficiency of the switch, a finite element model of the coil-type electromagnetic repulsion mechanism is established in this paper. The influence caused by coils, capacitor and charging voltage on dynamic performance of the switch is simulated and analyzed. Particle swarm optimization algorithm is applied on optimal design of the coil-type repulsion mechanism of the switch. Optimization result shows that displacement at 2ms and energy conversion efficiency of the switch are improved. Finally, dynamic performance of the optimized switch for 200kV DC circuit breaker of Zhoushan Pilot Project is tested, and effectiveness of the optimization algorithm is verified. The optimization method proposed in this paper also provides guidance for design of other fast mechanical switches for higher voltage levels.
Key words:  fast mechanical switch    electromagnetic repulsion mechanism    particle swarm optimization algorithm    HVDC circuit breaker
收稿日期:  2018-01-28                     发布日期:  2018-08-08      期的出版日期:  2018-08-05
ZTFLH:  TM56  
作者简介:  张宁(1983),男,通信作者,硕士研究生,研究方向为直流输电工程技术和直流电网,E-mail:shuyening@163.com;魏晓光(1976),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,研究方向为直流输电工程技术和直流电网,E-mail:weixiaoguang@geiri.sgcc.com.cn。
引用本文:    
张宁, 魏晓光, 高冲, 陈龙龙, 高阳. 快速机械开关线圈型电磁斥力机构优化设计[J]. 电网技术, 2018, 42(8): 2512-2518.
ZHANG Ning, WEI Xiaoguang, GAO Chong, CHEN Longlong, GAO Yang. Research on Optimization Design of Coil Type Electromagnetic Repulsion Mechanism for Fast Mechanical Switch. POWER SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, 2018, 42(8): 2512-2518.
链接本文:  
http://www.dwjs.com.cn/CN/10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2018.0269  或          http://www.dwjs.com.cn/CN/Y2018/V42/I8/2512
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